Enhancing research cooperation and researcher mobility across sectors is of key importance. Several incentives are in place to encourage cross-sectoral researcher mobility.
"Get the best out of academia and industry"
The Norwegian Industrial Ph.D. scheme
Under the Industrial Ph.D. scheme companies may apply for support for a three-year period for an employee seeking to pursue an ordinary doctoral degree. The doctoral research project must be of clear relevance to the company’s activities. The company is the formal applicant and recipient of the funding, and must have personnel and other resources dedicated to its own R&D activities as well as a binding collaboration with a degree-conferring research institution. The doctoral candidate must be employed by the company, must divide his/her time between the company and the degree-conferring institution and must have supervisors at both the research institution and the company.
Private Public Partnership (PPP) PhD
The PPP PhD Programme is a Nordic version of the Industrial Ph.D. scheme and is designed to boost knowledge exchange between the Nordic countries and promote collaboration between academia and industry. Under the PPP PhD Programme, NordForsk provides funding for Ph.D. projects carried out in cooperation between a company, a doctoral student and a university. The company and the university must be based in different Nordic countries.
"Professor 2" (20% part-time professorship)".
Professor " position is a part-time academic position, amounting to up to 20 per cent of a full-time position. These positions are often used when universities and university colleges wish to draw on the specialist expertise of individuals employed at other institutions or companies, or to strengthen cooperation with other research groups. The overall aim is to promote scientific exchange between institutions. Professor 2 positions normally have a term of three to five years.
Cooperation between institutions
Networks and centre schemes
The Research Council provides funding for network-building and exchange of expertise between companies, the higher education and research sector, and the public sector. Key funding schemes include the Centres for Research-based Innovation (SFI) scheme, the Centres for Environment-friendly Energy Research (FME) scheme and the Norwegian Centres of Expertise (NCE) scheme.
Commercialisation of research results
The Research Council's Programme on Commercialising R&D Results (FORNY2020) provides support for the development of business concepts based on research results from universities and university colleges. The programme grants funding to specific projects that, if successful, will result in the transfer of new knowledge and new technology from publicly-funded research institutions to existing or newly-established companies or the application of this knowledge or technology within the public sector.